15:10 The verb tenses here for the commands are in the present -- keep hearing and keep understanding...perhaps a light suggestion that getting it takes more than a moment.
15:11 The word here for "common" is "koine" as in "koine" Greek, the "common" Greek. What was common also implied unclean, ritually.
15:12 The word for "offended" here is literally "skandalized."
15:15 Peter here uses the word "phrazoo" for "explain." Almost as if he is saying "rephrase please..."
15:16 The word here for still is akmen...as in acme...which means point (high point)...so "At this point you are still without understanding!"
These next verses have lots of substantive participles "The things that go in..." They are translated "things" because the "the" and the participles' endings are all neuter.
15:18 The verb here "koinow" has a really odd form in the 3rd person singular present: koinoi!
15:22 The woman's prayer is literally "kyrie elesion"
15:23 The word "send away" has appearted in the last three lectionary readings -- the disciples want the crowd away (two weeks ago) and last week Jesus sends them away (after feeding them). She is literally "krazoo" i.e., crazed as she cries out.
15:24 A nice and easy adjectival participle here: "the sheep who have lost themselves." Lost is a weak translation of this verb, which in the middle voice means perish or destroyed.
15:25 The verb knelt here literally means "before kiss", as in to kiss the ground before the person to signify they are royal or divine.
15:26 Jesus does not use the word "fitting," but rather the adjective "kalon" which means good or beautiful.
15:27 Another great adjectival participle: "The bread which has fallen..."